Types OF TLDs And How They Are Used

As a website owner, you probably know how important coming up with a domain name is. It plays a big role in identifying the success of your online presence.

Domain name is the name given to your website. Basically, it is the combination of letters, numbers and characters that your users input into their URL bars when they are trying to enter your website.

It is important to know that your domain name has three parts. Subdomain, second level-level domain and top-level domain (TLD). The format is subdomain.second-level.top-level. (shop.example.com) In this article the importance, types and meaning of top-level domain will be discussed.

TLD is an important element when it comes to your domain name. TLD is the latter part of your domain name, the letters found after the last dot of your website. It is also called a domain suffix as it is located at the very end of your domain name. The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) coordinates domain name aspects, especially TLDs. And according to them, here are the different categories of TLD.

The first one is the Generic Top-Level Domain (gTLD).  This is the most commonly used TLD by most websites. Generic domains allow all range of users to register and are tied to the purpose of a website. For example, an organization uses .org and a commercial site uses .com. In the same way used, here are other examples of gTLD:

  • .net for networks
  • .xyz for general use,
  • .name for individuals, 
  • .biz for businesses 
  • .info for information-driven websites

Next category are Sponsored Top-Level Domains (sTLD). This type of TLD is usually handled by private organizations and is restricted to certain users. And those who want to gain access to these websites should comply with regulations set by the website owner. Usually owned by government offices, and other private institutions, here are some examples of sTLD.

  • .gov for governmental sites
  • .edu for educational institutions
  • .mil for military
  • .mobi for mobile product and services
  • .jobs for legal companies or organizations
  • .tel for internet and telecommunication
  • .post for postal service sites
  • .asia for websites based in Asia
  • .museum is reserved for museums
  • .travel  for travel agencies and similar businesses

 The Country Code Top-Level Domain (ccTLD), as implied on its name, are TLDs used to identify the location or territory of a website. It notes the website’s ISO code, which is a two-letter code used to represent the name of certain areas. Every country has a different ccTLD, and here are some examples:

  • .es  –  Spain
  • .ru  –  Russia
  • .us  – United States
  • .ca  –  Canada
  • .nl  – Netherlands
  • .de  –  Germany
  • .fr  – France
  • .id – Indonesia
  • .vn – Vietnam
  • .ph- Philippines
  • .uk – United Kingdom
  • .eu – European Union

The last category of TLD is Infrastructure Top-Level Domains. There is only one TLD in this category and it is reserved for the Internet Engineering Task Force (IEFT). It is called ARPA, and is only used to manage technical network infrastructure.

ring Task Force (IEFT). It is called ARPA, and is only used to manage technical network infrastructure. TLDs are important to communicate the information of your website just by your domain name. Without even looking at the content of your website, your web visitors will be able to know the type of website that you have, its geographical location, and the purpose of your website. It also helps distinguish websites from one another but it is important to note that websites may have the same mid-level domain name but have different TLDs.

 HTTPSimple with its purpose of providing affordable and quality web services, can help you identify which TLD you should use for your website. With top-level and skillful individuals working on your website, we can help you achieve your online marketing goals.

There are complete lists of TLDs you can take a look online.

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